While the rest of the metro was experiencing a blackout, I was in Trinoma waiting for a vacant seat in an Internet café because I needed to e-mail a column. To kill time, I visited an exhibit called Filipina, Bravo – a tribute to the Filipina. Mini exhibits are one the things that I like about Trinoma and Ayala Malls in general. Though a bit scarce in terms of materials, it is still a commendable effort. Then there is this showcase of clothes and shoes. Its significance still puzzles me. Nevertheless, I learned fresh information. For that I am gratified.
I have a huge babaylan fascination. There should be an epic film about a babaylan.
ANNULMENT CIRCA 1600s
This document (c.1647) is a judicial decision where a certain Dona Maria Mutia wins a legal separation case against an alcoholic and abusive husband. Violence against women is an old issue. Legislations change. Judicial processes change. But the abuse continues.
The horse. The weapon. The stance. You know her.
WOMEN OF MALOLOS
Girl power in Malolos (c.1888). These girls wanted to open a night school where they can learn Spanish. Idiot’s Guide to Spanish was not available at that time. Jose Rizal wrote a tribute for them. Tribute not love letters.
Pelagia Mendoza has a penchant for being the first. She is the first known woman sculpture in the Philipines. She is the first female student in Escuela de Dibujo y Pintura. Then in 1892, she won first prize in sculpture for a wax bust of Christopher Colombus.
She is Encarnacion Alzona, the first Filipina to obtain a Ph.D – Doctorate in History, Columbia University in1923.
SUFFRAGE RIGHTS OF WOMEN
To all first-time female voters in the recent automated polls, you have a lot to thank for these women. President Manuel L. Quezon ratifies the right to vote of Filipinas. There was a time when suffrage is a privilege and not a right. Think long and hard before you vote next time. One cannot measure the time and effort spent fighting for this right.
DONA SISANG DE LEON
Film freaks know who she is.
I would not mind wearing this creation.
Other historical tidbits:
- Paz Marquez and Maria Paz Mendoza became the first women to graduate in the University of the Philippines in 1912. Pioneering Iskas! Worth reiterating is the mandate of UP in 1908, “no student shall be denied admission to the university by reason of age, sex, nationality, religious belief, or political affiliation.”
- Felipa Culala also known as Kumander Dayang-Dayang is the lone Filipina guerrilla leader in the military committee of HUKBALAHAP or Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon.
- Salud Algabre, along with other Sakdalistas, staged an uprising calling for independence and land reform in Laguna.